Poliomyelitis and acute flaccid paralysis from 1985 to 2010 in Bangladesh- A review

Md. Darul Islam1, Hossain Sahid Kamrul Alam2, Md. Rafique3

Abstract

Paralysis due to poliomyelitis causes permanent disability in children. This disability
is a great burden for a family, society and country. So, prevention strategy is
appropriately introduced by World Health Organization. In 1988, the World Health
Assembly (WHA) made a resolution to eradicate poliomyelitis globally by 2000 and
remarkable progress has been made toward reaching this target. To achieve this
target, WHO used four basic strategies: routine immunization, national immunization
day (NID), acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance and mopping up immunization.
The oral polio vaccine is the only vaccine recommended by WHO for eradication.
Bangladesh is committed to eradicate poliomyelitis as a co-signatory in 1988 according
to WHA resolution for global polio eradication. On March 1995 first National
Immunization Day (NID) in Bangladesh was performed successfully. Total 18 NID
was performed till 2010.

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